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definitions, iso 22000 - food safety management systems, hazards (general), differences (general), risk management and analysis
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  #1  
Old 22nd November 2010, 01:48 AM
Ka Pilo Ka Pilo is offline
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Please Help! Differences between "Hazard" and "Risk" in ISO 22000

Please provide examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk" in ISO 22000.

Thank you very much.

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Old 22nd November 2010, 02:31 AM
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Re: Seeking examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk"

Quote:
In Reply to Parent Post by Ka Pilo View Post

Please provide examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk" in ISO 22000.

Thank you very much.
Refer below definitions

Risk

Combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm

[ISO/IEC Guide 51:1999, definition 3.2]

Hazard

Potential source of harm

[ISO/IEC Guide 51:1999, definition 3.5]

Three types of Hazards:

A biological, chemical, or physical agent that is reasonably likely to cause illness or injury in the absence of its control.

Biological Hazard

Microorganisms are the primary cause of biological hazards in foods eg, clostridium botulinum, is a strict anaerobe that produces the toxin that causes botulism, Listeria monocytogenes, E.coli o157.

Chemical Hazard

Food may be contaminated in the manufacturing plant with industrial chemicals such as cleaning agents, Sanitizers, pesticides and lubricants.

Physical Hazards

Physical hazards can enter in food products during any stage of the production or distribution process. Eg.. Stones, insects, wood, glass, plastic, metal fragments and etc..
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Old 22nd November 2010, 02:37 AM
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Re: Seeking examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk"

Quote:
In Reply to Parent Post by bio_subbu View Post

Risk

Combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm

[ISO/IEC Guide 51:1999, definition 3.2]
Please provide examples.

Last edited by Ka Pilo; 22nd November 2010 at 02:44 AM.
  #4  
Old 22nd November 2010, 03:31 AM
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Re: Seeking examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk"

In additional to what bio_subbu has suggested, you may also take reference from OHSAS:

Quote:
3.6 hazard
source, situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health (3.8), or a combination of these.

3.21 risk
combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health (3.8) that can be caused by the event or exposure(s)
Examples:

Bacteria & viruses can infect the food resulting in infection/ food poisoning. Hence bacteria & viruses are hazards whereas 'food poisoning' is the resultant risk.

An unprotected live electrical cable is a hazard while 'electric shock' is the risk that may result from exposure to such a cable. The same cable may also be considered as a 'tripping' hazard in which case the risk would be injury/ fracture etc.

Similarly, you may consider 'manual handling' as a hazard which can result in severe backache/ muscle pull (risk).

In short, there's always a 'cause & effect' relationship between Hazard & Risk. Hazard is the cause while Risk is the effect.

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Old 22nd November 2010, 04:19 AM
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Re: Seeking examples to differentiate between "hazard" and "risk"

Good points from the others. If you have a copy of ISO 22000, refer to terms and definitions, item 3.3 Food safety hazard.
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22k, item 3.3.gif  
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