Re: Aerospace QMS Requirements for Distributors
I have many suppliers (large and small) who sell us products (raw materials, hardware) not made by that supplier but distributed through them. Who makes the determination whether they are supplier or distributor?
Big Jim also brings up a great point on sole source. I have a number of sole source suppliers on the OEM's drawings who are currently NOT certified. I don't forsee the OEM taking a proactive role in fixing this but I do see the responsibility resting on the 1st Tier Supplier through the guidance edicted by the OEM. Ninja is right too...the cost of business just went up.
From the AS9120 standard as to what is a distributor
" organizations that procure parts, materials and assemblies and resells these products to a customer in the aviation, space and defense industries. This includes organizations that procure products and split them into smaller quantities including those that coordinate a customer controlled service on the product.
This standard is not intended for organizations that maintain or repair products. Organizations that perform work that affect or could affect product characteristics or conformity should use the IAQG-developed 9100 or 9110 standards
By their nature to your orginization all distributors are suppliers but not all suppliers are distributors.
At your point in the aerospace food chain you are responsable for all those you procure from dirrectly and indirectly based on the contractual requirements received dirrectly from your customer.
If your current distributors can not comply with the requirements identifed in AS9120 are you able to justify their use in your AS9100 approved system? How do you address for your current supply base
"7.4.1 Purchasing Process
The organization shall ensure that purchased product conforms to specified purchase requirements. The type and extent of control applied to the supplier and the purchased product shall be dependent upon the effect of the purchased product on subsequent product realization or the final product.
The organization shall be responsible for the conformity of all products purchased from suppliers, including product from sources defined by the customer.
The organization shall evaluate and select suppliers based on their ability to supply product in accordance with the organization's requirements. Criteria for selection, evaluation and re-evaluation shall be established. Records of the
results of evaluations and any necessary actions arising from the evaluation shall be maintained (see 4.2.4)."
When folks come looking at the records mention above for the justification of your selections it is not usualy with the view of "are you meeting the intent"