OHSAS 18001:2007 Section 3 - Controlling Work Place Risks

R

Rabab Salah

#1
Good Day,

Reference to section 3 in OHSAS 18001:2007
work place is defined as below:

workplace
any physical location in which work related activities are performed
under the control of the organization
NOTE When giving consideration to what constitutes a workplace, the
organization (3.17) should take into account the OH&S effects on
personnel who are, for example, traveling or in transit (e.g. driving,
flying, on boats or trains), working at the premises of client or customer,
or working at home.


Could you please help clarifying
1. how can an organization control risks at employee home?
2. how can an organization control risks at customer premises?
3. how can an organization control risks associated to employee transportation from working site to home and vice versa?

Have a great day
Many thanks in advance,
Rabab
 
Elsmar Forum Sponsor

Jen Kirley

Quality and Auditing Expert
Staff member
Admin
#2
Good day Rabab,

There are limits to risk control away from the organization's premises, which is why 3.17 stipulates "under the control of the organization." The word "control" was not used in that clause to indicate risks away from the workplace must be controlled. Some things really are out of our sphere of influence. The Notes are therefore added to provide guidance, but are not "shalls." Merriam-Webster defines consideration as:

  • careful thought: the act of thinking carefully about something you will make a decision about
  • something that you think about when you make a choice or decision
That said, there is an expectation of general "due care" so some things might be done, such as:

- Supply personal protective equipment for working at home or traveling to clients
- Review the home office with the work-from-home employee to determine if electrical supply is sufficient and safe, if ergonomic improvements can be made, and make arrangements to assist with the improvements where practical.
- If an employee is using a taxi or other hired mode of transportation, the organization can review the provider's safety performance and provide policy or guidance resulting from their findings.
- If the employee's personal vehicle is unsafe, the organization could consider providing hired transportation.

I hope this helps!
 
Last edited:

Colin

Quite Involved in Discussions
#3
Much of this will be down to the assessed risks. Start by assessing the risks posed to people in certain situations, then use the hierarchy of control in clause 4.3.1 (right near the end) to determine the best way of reducing the risks to a tolerable level.

Jen is absolutely correct in saying that there are some things outside of our control too. An example of a simple control is to set policies for activities to protect people from themselves e.g. your company might have a policy that bans people from using mobile phones whilst driving - hands free or not.
 

Steve Prevette

Deming Disciple
Staff member
Super Moderator
#4
"Tele commuting" is definitely something that stretches a company's risk. For example, see this link https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id=2254 for OSHA policy on home workplaces.

"OSHA respects the privacy of the home and has never conducted inspections of home offices. While respecting the privacy of the home, it should be kept in mind that certain types of work at home can be dangerous/hazardous. Examples of such work from OSHA's past inspections include: assembly of electronics; casting lead head jigs for fishing lures; use of unguarded crimping machines; and handling adhesives without protective gloves."

However, I assume it would be looked on poorly if an employer of a significant number of data entry clerks says "I am not going to provide you a workplace or proper ergonomic equipment - work out of your house and figure it out". Although, I am sure that sort of thing de facto goes on now.

I can definitely tell you employers are "on the hook" to report injuries that occur while on assigned travel, though the commute from house to worksite is not reportable.

More from OSHA:

https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=27701

Section 1904.5(b)(7) states: How do I decide if a case is work-related when the employee is working at home? Injuries and illnesses that occur while an employee is working at home, including work in a home office, will be considered work-related if the injury or illness occurs while the employee is performing work for pay or compensation in the home, and the injury or illness is directly related to the performance of work rather than to the general home environment or setting. For example, if an employee drops a box of work documents and injures his or her foot, the case is considered work-related. If an employee's fingernail is punctured by a needle from a sewing machine used to perform garment work at home, becomes infected and requires medical treatment, the injury is considered work-related. If an employee is injured because he or she trips on the family dog while rushing to answer a work phone call, the case is not considered work-related. If an employee working at home is electrocuted because of faulty home wiring, the injury is not considered work-related.

This is why some employers do not allow tele-commuting.
 
Thread starter Similar threads Forum Replies Date
Q Correspondence between ISO 14001:2015 & OHSAS 18001:2007 ISO 14001:2015 Specific Discussions 2
S OHSAS 18001: 2007 Evaluation of Compliance Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 7
SATHYABALARAMAN OHSAS 18001:2007 4.4.1 Top management appointee Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 8
B CB Certify OHSAS 18001:2007 without AB - Why CB no need AB? ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 9004 Quality Management Systems Standards 14
N How do I start the OHSAS 18001:2007 Certification Process Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 17
P Internal Audit for ISO 9001:2000 vs. Internal Audit for OHSAS 18001:2007 Internal Auditing 4
P How to perform an Internal Audit on Safety based on OHSAS 18001:2007? Internal Auditing 2
Bilijaf OHSAS 18001:1999 vs. OHSAS 18001:2007 - Differences Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 1
S Why OHSAS 18001:2007 makes no reference to 'Targets' associated with Objectives? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 24
T Work Place and Control of Organisation for OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 5
I In OHSAS 18001:2007 How to demonstrate 4.4.3.2 Participation and Consultation ? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 3
A OHSAS 18001:2007 Audit checklist wanted Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 10
A OHSAS 18001 external auditor finding personal interpretation? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 5
D I heard that there is no new version of ISO 18001 OHSAS after 2017 version Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 3
D Key steps to OHSAS 18001 Implementation Other ISO and International Standards and European Regulations 1
drgnrider Is there a specific OHSAS 18001 sign format? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 4
S OHSAS 18001 - 4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements - Working document or template Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 2
Chennaiite Is Audit of Employee Canteen Food within the scope of OHSAS 18001? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 17
D Combined Quality Manual for ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 50001 and OHSAS 18001 Document Control Systems, Procedures, Forms and Templates 11
S OHSAS 18001 Typical Input and Output Examples Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 4
S OHSAS 18001 Gap Analysis Template wanted Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 5
M IMS - Integrated ISO9001, ISO14001 & OHSAS 18001 Internal Audit Checklist Internal Auditing 3
L OHSAS 18001 Participation and Consultation - Incident investigation under 4.4.3.2 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 15
R Does "establish, implement and maintain a procedure" require a Document - OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 1
S Evaluation of legal compliance to ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 ISO 14001:2015 Specific Discussions 18
C OHSAS 18001 and a site visit - All our work is on client sites Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 4
A R2 Certification vs Self Declaration to ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 ISO 14001:2015 Specific Discussions 3
D Integration of ISO 9001 and OHSAS 18001 - Management Manual Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 5
R OHSAS 18001 & ISO 9001 Implementation - help! Process Maps, Process Mapping and Turtle Diagrams 7
K OHSAS 18001 Scope and Legal & Other Requirements Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 3
Claes Gefvenberg Done... OHSAS 18001 registration Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 9
A Multi-Site Certification to ISO 9001, 14001 and OHSAS 18001 ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 9004 Quality Management Systems Standards 10
P Separate procedures? ISO 14k System combined with OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 3
K Why is OHSAS 18001 not an ISO (IOS) Standard? Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 8
D What is required in a combined ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 Audit? ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 9004 Quality Management Systems Standards 8
buzzjaw OHSAS 18001 - Requirements for Auditing Procedure Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 17
C ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 Registrar Auditor Credentials Career and Occupation Discussions 8
K Auditing OHSAS 18001, ISO 9001 & ISO 14001 for 4 Business Units General Auditing Discussions 2
O Requirements under OHSAS 18001 for the Control of Risks Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 8
T Procedures Cited in OHSAS 18001 Appendix Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 4
N Does OHSAS 18001 require organization to have AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 4
S Airborne Survey Legal Compliance - OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 2
sridharafep Logo Marking for Marketing purpose - ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 9004 Quality Management Systems Standards 1
S OHSAS 18001 Safety Management System (SMS) Implementation Plan Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 7
E Auditor wants to review our OHSAS 18001 Implementation Programme Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 5
I ISO 14001 & OHSAS 18001 Questionnaire for Internal Auditor Certificate Other ISO and International Standards and European Regulations 2
S Building and Warehouse requirements of OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 8
P Risk Rating approaches (OHSAS 18001 - For Office Environments) Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 6
P Scope Statement Content for OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 10
J OHSAS 18001 Clause 4.4.6 Operational Control Example Procedure Occupational Health & Safety Management Standards 9

Similar threads

Top Bottom