Characteristic - In Quality Assurance, a characteristic is typically a definable or measurable feature of a process, product, or variable.
A Couple Dictionary Definitions:
char·ac·ter·is·tic - Pronunciation: "ker-ik-t&-'ris-tik, "ka-rik-
1 : a distinguishing trait, quality, or property
2 : the integral part of a common logarithm
3 : the smallest positive integer n which for an operation in a ring or field yields 0 when any element is used n times with the operation
Characteristic (Char`ac*ter*is"tic) (?), a. [Gr. ¿: cf. F. charactéristique.]
Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive. "Characteristic clearness of temper." Macaulay.Characteristic (Char`ac*ter*is"tic), n.
1. A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized. Pope. "The characteristics of a true critic." Johnson.
2. (Math.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.
ISO 9000 3.5.1
NOTE 1 A characteristic can be inherent or assigned
NOTE 2 A characteristic can be qualitative or quantitative
NOTE 3 There are various classes of characteristics, such as following:
- physical (e.g. mechanical, electrical, chemical or biological characteristics);
- sensory (e.g. related to smell, touch, taste, sight, hearing);
- behavioral (e.g. courtesy, honesty, veracity);
- temporal (e.g. punctuality, reliability, availability);
- ergonomic (e.g. physiological characteristic, or related to human safety);
- functional (e.g. maximum speed of an aircraft);
== References ==